Cabinet revamp: Decoding Modi’s mega makeover – The Big Story News

Never in his seven years as prime minister had Narendra Modi appeared as weak as he did on the peak of the second wave of Covid-19 this May. The pandemic struck with a ferocity that caught his authorities flat-footed. As the demise toll mounted, compounded by a legal scarcity of medical oxygen, Modi and his authorities’s credibility have been severely dented. With states imposing rolling lockdowns, the economic system slipped additional into the doldrums. People throughout the nation have been actually hurting. The Bharatiya Janata Party’s ignominious defeat within the excessive-stakes battle for the West Bengal meeting strengthened the notion that the Modi authorities was working out of momentum. This was barely two years after Modi received a historic second time period with again-to-again majorities in Parliament, firmly cementing his aura of invincibility. The state of affairs had modified for the more severe very quickly.

Sensing that it was a now or by no means mother­ent, Modi did what he does finest—convert adv­ersity into alternative. He turned a routine cupboard enlargement right into a mega makeover of Team Modi, designed to fulfill a number of main imperatives. The first was that having initiated the second era of financial reforms to remodel the nation, it was essential that his authorities delivered on its plans and guarantees earlier than shedding the plot altogether. That meant chopping out the deadwood and revamping his cupboard to introduce a brand new vitality and dynamism that would assist his authorities meet the daunting challenges.

So, in a sign to the remainder of his colleagues that efficiency issues, he axed seven vete­ran cupboard ministers, asking them to resign earlier than the enlargement. Among them have been ministers who held two essential portfolios: the well being minister Dr Harsh Vardhan, and the training minister Ramesh Pokhriyal. Both have been seen as unable to successfully cope with the challenges their respective ministries confronted. That Modi meant enterprise was evident in his dropping two excessive-profile ministers: Prakash Javadekar and Ravi Shankar Prasad, who held a number of key portfolios between them. They ostensibly resigned in order that they could possibly be drafted for get together work, however the want for recent expertise was evident. Others have been requested to resign for his or her considerably lacklustre efficiency or advancing age. Among these have been D.V. Sadananda Gowda, who held the chemical compounds and fertilisers portfolio; Thawarchand Gehlot, who held social justice; and Santosh Gangwar, who was the minister of state for labour and employment.

Good performers, then again, have been rewarded, as Modi elevated seven ministers of state as cupboard ministers: Hardeep Singh Puri, Raj Kumar Singh, Anurag Thakur, Kiren Rijiju, Mansukh Mandaviya, G. Kishan Reddy and Parshottam Rupala. Simultaneously, he injected recent blood into his cupboard by inducting two former chief ministers—Assam’s Sarbananda Sonowal and Maharashtra’s Narayan Rane—and a former Union minister, Jyotiraditya Scindia, who had defected to the BJP from the Congress 16 months in the past. Modi additionally appointed two rising stars—Bhupender Yadav and Ashwini Vaishnaw—as cupboard ministers. The inclusion of three others—Virendra Kumar, Pashupati Kumar Paras and Ramchandra Prasad Singh—displays political compulsions and the necessity to accommodate allies. Virendra Kumar, a BJP MP, has been included as a outstanding Dalit face.

The second huge crucial earlier than Modi was to deliver better synergy amongst ministries by rationalising the portfolios. Before the revamp, no less than 10 cupboard ministers had cost of two or extra disparate portfolios, which was actually not conducive to good governance. Modi has now made a acutely aware effort to create virtuous clusters in addition to leverage their particular person competencies. Dharmendra Pradhan, as an example, whereas changing Pokhriyal as the brand new training minister, was additionally given cost of talent improvement. This is essential as a result of, thus far, talent improvement was given stepmotherly remedy regardless of it being an important hyperlink between training and employment. Mandaviya was not solely given the all-essential well being portfolio, however, in a departure, was additionally made the minister of chemical compounds and fertilisers. Since prescription drugs fall beneath the chemical compounds division, and given the necessity for vaccines and medicines to deal with Covid, Mandaviya can now cope with the well being challenges posed by the pandemic extra successfully. It might need been even higher had the fertiliser part been shifted to the agriculture ministry. Piyush Goyal was divested of railways however retained cost of commerce and trade, and meals and public distribution. In addition, he was given textiles.

Some ministers nonetheless have odd clusters of ministries, however these have been justified given the big selection of competence of the ministers who’ve been put in cost. So the brand new railways minister Vaishnaw was additionally given cost of the ministry of electronics and data expertise and telecommunications as a result of the previous IAS officer, Wharton School of Business and IIT Kanpur alumnus is understood to have proficiency in these areas. Hardeep Singh Puri, who retained the housing and concrete affairs portfolio, was given extra cost of the petroleum ministry due to his background within the international service, which can turn out to be useful whereas negotiating main oil offers. Former Assam chief minister Sonowal has change into the minister for ports, delivery and waterways, given the significance of waterways commerce wager­ween India and Bangladesh. He has additionally been given cost of the Ayush ministry due to his curiosity within the topic and the potential the Northeast has for Ayush. Bhupender Yadav is the brand new minister for setting, forest and local weather change with extra cost of the labour and employment ministry. There appears no connection between the 2, besides that each ministries have loads of regulatory legal guidelines and Yadav is a lawyer.

Modi’s third main crucial was to provide his authorities a professional-poor and inclusive picture. So, along with the brand new cupboard ministers, 26 different recent faces have been made ministers of state. The new inductions have a determined tilt in direction of the opposite backward lessons and the scheduled castes and tribes. In all, Modi’s cupboard now has 27 OBCs, 12 SCs and eight STs, who account for 60 per cent of the full 78 ministers. Political compulsions have additionally been heeded to spice up the get together’s possibilities within the six states going to the elections in 2022: Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Goa, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Gujarat. For occasion, three of the seven new Union ministers from UP are from the OBC class, meant to assuage the leaders who’ve been complaining about being sidelined. The SCs have acquired widespread illustration, together with Shantanu Thakur from West Bengal, A. Narayanaswamy from Karnataka, L. Murugan from Tamil Nadu, and Sunita Duggal from Haryana. With Gujarat going to the polls in December 2022, Rupala and Mandaviya have been elevated to cupboard rank whereas Darshana Jardosh, Devusinh Chauhan and Dr Mahend­rabhai Munjpara have change into ministers of state.

The fourth goal of Modi’s mega cupboard makeover was to make sure the BJP’s allies within the NDA authorities have been rewarded for his or her assist whereas sending a robust message to its rivals. Former Shiv Sena chief minister Narayan Rane, who had defected to the BJP, due to this fact, was given cost of the MSME (micro, small and medium enterprises) ministry. The transfer is supposed to sign to the Sena that the BJP is not going to be becoming a member of palms with it to type a authorities in Maharashtra within the close to future. The BJP has additionally ensured its different allies in Bihar have been given berths. Ramchandra Prasad Singh, the nationwide president of the Janata Dal (United), is the brand new metal minister. Pashupati Paras of the Lok Janshakti Party, who ousted nephew Chirag Paswan as get together president, is now the meals processing industries minister. Anupriya Patel of Apna Dal, one other ally, is the MoS for commerce and trade. Modi has additionally addressed regional and state expectations. The northeastern states, as an example, now have two cupboard ministers and three junior ministers, the very best illustration they’ve had lately.

The fifth and ultimate purpose of Modi’s cupboard revamp is to construct a second era of leaders who’re of their 50s and early 60s to take over sooner or later. Forty-four of the 78 ministers within the cupboard now are under 60. Karnataka’s Sushri Shobha Karandlaje, 54, an acolyte of state chief minister B.S. Yeddyurappa, is one such chief. Jyotiraditya Scindia, 50, is being constructed as a successor to Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh. The promotion of Mandaviya, 49, and the essential portfolios he has been given, make him a contender for future management in Gujarat. Anurag Thakur, 46, is seen as a possible chief minister in Himachal Pradesh. The elevation of G. Kishan Reddy, 57, an influential Reddy chief from Telangana, to cupboard rank has been finished with a watch to gaining a robust foothold for the 2023 meeting election. Efforts have additionally been made to usher in extra educated ministers. Over 95 per cent of the brand new inductees are graduates, with 4 of them having doctorates, three MBA {qualifications}, and 7 postgraduate levels. Also included are 4 medical doctors and two former IAS officers.

Overall, the cupboard reset is inten­ded to make sure speedy and clear supply of the federal government’s improvement programmes, a lot sooner financial restoration and enlargement and extra inclusive, balanced rep­resentation and progress. A a lot-nee­ded cupboard reshuffle, it nonetheless has loads of scope for enchancment. Especially in additional rationalising portfolio all­ocation. While all of the ministers will little question operate beneath Modi’s shadow, it is crucial they’re extra seen and vocal about their work. Each one must be a champion of their ministry if Modi’s mega makeover is to realize its aims.


1. ANURAG THAKUR | Information & Broadcasting; Sports & Youth Affairs

Reason: A detailed confidant of Amit Shah. His elevation might take him away from Himachal politics, easing up Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur’s issues.

2. RAJ KUMAR SINGH | Power; New & Renewable Energy

Reason: In the absence of Radha Mohan Singh and Rajiv Pratap Rudy within the cupboard, he’s rising because the BJP’s new Thakur face from Bihar. With ally JD(U) bringing in R.C.P. Singh, one other bureaucrat-turned-politician from his neighborhood, R.Ok. Singh’s elevation had change into needed for the BJP.

3. G. KISHAN REDDY | Culture; Tourism; Development of North Eastern Region

Reason: The get together’s face in Telangana the place the BJP has enlargement plans. Has ABVP background. His elevation is anticipated to assist woo ex-ABVP leaders within the TDP, TRS and Congress in Telangana to the BJP.

4. PARSHOTTAM RUPALA | Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Reason: A outstanding Patel chief from Gujarat and a performer. His promotion is a reachout to the neighborhood nonetheless jittery over the quota problem.

5. MANSUKH L. MANDAVIYA | Health & Family Welfare; Chemicals & Fertilisers

Reason: A performer who executed reforms in ports and delivery as MoS (impartial cost). During the second Covid wave, he was among the many ministers tasked with augmenting manufacturing/ import of important medicine and oxygen imports.

6. HARDEEP SINGH PURI | Petroleum & Natural Gas; Housing & Urban Affairs

Reason: He pushed the Central Vista and new Parliament mission. The solely Sikh face within the Modi authorities, his rise is essential to draw city Sikh voters in Punjab and Delhi.

7. KIREN RIJIJU | Law & Justice

Reason: Performed as MoS Home. He is the get together’s Buddhist and Northeast face


1. RAVI SHANKAR PRASAD | Telecom, MeitY, Law & Justice

Reason: The PM wished recent expertise for MeitY and telecom, get together wished a heavyweight for organisational work

Future: May be assigned a celebration function

2. PRAKASH JAVADEKAR | Environment, Forest & Climate Change; Heavy Industries; Information & Broadcasting

Reason: Required for organisational work, might get different tasks

Future: May get function in get together

3. THAWARCHAND GEHLOT | Social Justice & Empowerment

Reason: Nearing unofficial retirement age of 75

Future: Appointed Karnataka governor

4. SANTOSH GANGWAR | Labour & Employment

Reason: Nearing unofficial retirement age of 75. Party wasn’t joyful along with his dealing with of the labour migration disaster in the course of the 2020 lockdown

Future: Unclear


Reason: Poor dealing with of the Covid second wave, together with remedy and availability of healthcare facili- ties, medicines and important gear

Future: May be requested to mentor BJP’s Delhi unit for forthcoming company polls


Reason: Slow in getting New Education Policy applied. His in poor health well being can also be cited.

Future: May return to state politics

7. D.V. SADANANDA GOWDA | Chemicals & Fertilisers

Reason: Lacklustre efficiency, achievements few

Future: May return to Karnataka politics



Reason: Former Maharashtra CM and Konkan chief. His entry might rule out any BJP-Shiv Sena deal within the state

2. ASHWINI VAISHNAW | Railways; Communication; Electronics & IT

Reason: PM Modi’s backroom boy. A former bureaucrat with RSS background. Was private secretary to former PM Vajpayee

3. SARBANANDA SONOWAL | Ports, Shipping & Waterways

Reason: Former Assam CM who accepted the get together’s determination at hand over the reins to Himanta Biswa Sarma within the state


Reason: Defected from the Congress in 2020 together with loyalists. His entry into BJP shook the Rahul Gandhi camp

5. BHUPENDER YADAV | Environment, Forest & Climate Change; Labour & Employment

Reason: Amit Shah confidant, was a contender for the BJP chief’s publish together with J.P. Nadda. Organisation man, labored in RSS associates

6. PASHUPATI KUMAR PARAS | Food Processing Industries

Reason: Staged a coup towards nephew Chirag Paswan to take management of the LJP. The BJP’s ally in Bihar has a 4 per cent vote share, particularly amongst Dalits

7. VIRENDRA KUMAR | Social Justice

Reason: BJP’s Dalit face and seniormost parliamentarian. He is anticipated to fill the area left by Thawarchand Gehlot’s exit from lively politics


Reason: JD(U) boss Nitish Kumar’s confidant. The get together refused to hitch the Modi cupboard previously, however misplaced bargaining energy after the 2020 meeting ballot.

2021-07-09 21:11:51

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