Exclusive: All you need to know about egg-freezing procedure for late pregnancy in 30s and 40s

New Delhi: With the innovation of superior applied sciences and a fast-moving life-style, egg freezing has in the present day turn into a brand new regular for {couples} who need to have youngsters when they’re mentally keen and dedicated to parenthood. However, it’s simple that the majority {couples} face problem conceiving in the later stage of life due to the rising fertility issues. As a consequence, assisted reproductive methods, together with egg freezing, have turned out to be saviours for {couples}, particularly girls who want to conceive in the later stage of their life.

Medically often known as mature oocyte cryopreservation, it’s a methodology that entails saving a girls’s capacity to get pregnant in the long run. In this methodology, unfertilized eggs are harvested from the ovaries and frozen to be used later, the place they are often mixed with the sperm and implanted in the uterus manually.

Dr Swati Mishra, Consultant, Birla Fertility and IVF solutions all of your queries on Egg Freezing Procedure and its scope for menopause in girls.

Who can profit from it?

Egg freezing is a dependable choice for girls who should not but prepared to get pregnant and want to conceive in their thirties. One of essentially the most important benefits of this method is that it’s a multi-step course of and doesn’t require sperm from the donor and may be fertilized on the time of conception. Before opting for this methodology, it’s essential to perceive when a girl can use this feature.

These embody:

  • In case of Infertility: Most of the {couples} are unable to conceive due to numerous components that may trigger fertility issues, together with any illness like lupus, sickle cell anaemia, or PCOD.
  • In the case of most cancers remedy: It is simple that the remedy of cancers leaves a major impression on the physique, weakening completely different organs. Certain medicines and therapies like chemotherapy can emit dangerous radiations that may have an effect on one’s fertility.
  • During IVF: In vitro fertilization is one other methodology that entails fertilizing eggs with sperm in vitro. Depending upon the case, medical doctors might even recommend egg freezing to girls as per the requirement.
  • Delayed pregnancy: Some {couples} want to delay pregnancy and safely protect younger eggs for their future pregnancy. 
  • Physical issues: In some cases of infections, organ failure, or different bodily points like endometriosis which is a situation in which Tissues develop outdoors the womb blocking the fallopian tube, there are possibilities of injury to the standard of eggs. 

What is the procedure?

Before egg freezing, sufferers should bear screening procedures to establish any indicators of infections that may make the method sophisticated. Once it’s executed, the method is carried out, and the affected person is carefully monitored at each step. Egg freezing entails a number of procedures, however it may be broadly divided into three broad components. These embody:

1.    Ovarian Stimulation: In this course of, artificial hormones are injected into the sufferers to stimulate the ovaries and produce a number of eggs slightly than a single one. To stop the possibilities of untimely ovulation, different medicines are additionally injected into the affected person. Next, to measure the response and monitor the event of follicles (fluid-filled sacs the place eggs mature), blood exams and vaginal ultrasound are additionally performed. It often takes 12-14 days for follicles to develop contained in the ovaries.

2.    Egg retrieval: This course of is finished beneath sedation, in which an ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to establish the follicles. A suction machine linked to a needle is used to take away the egg from the follicle, and this course of can take up to 10-15 cycles to be certain that sufficient eggs are collected.

3.    Freezing: Once the unfertilized eggs are collected, they’re frozen to sub-zero temperatures to protect them for future use. Vitrification is among the commonest processes of egg freezing. High concentrations of gear are used to stop the formation of ice crystals in the course of the freezing course of.

What are the components that impression egg freezing?

Before opting for egg freezing strategies, additionally it is important to perceive that numerous components can have an effect on the success or failure of egg freezing. These embody:

•    Age: It has been seen that younger girls produce extra fertile eggs which have greater possibilities of fertilization in the long run.

•    Sperm high quality: To have a wholesome and profitable pregnancy, it’s important to do not forget that the standard of sperm is most certainly to have an effect on the success fee. A wholesome sperm has a better probability of manufacturing a wholesome embryo.

•    Right clinic: Apart from that, the success fee of medical procedures additionally performs an important function in figuring out the success of the egg freezing methodology. 

•    Quantity of eggs: The amount of eggs will increase the possibilities of pregnancy. The next amount of eggs additionally ensures greater alternatives for conception in the long run. 

What is the scope of Egg Freezing for menopause in girls?

While egg freezing is a rising development for girls who don’t want to get pregnant in their 20s or 30s, additionally it is necessary to observe that the majority girls enter menopause (a stage that follows the top of the menstrual cycles) in their late 40s or early 50s. Therefore, in the years earlier than menopause, a girl’s fertility declines, and conceiving turns into problematic in the later years in contrast to youthful girls. Thus, although egg freezing provides an choice to get pregnant in the later years, it’s important to perceive that contemporary eggs will all the time stand a greater probability of pregnancy than frozen ones.

2021-10-28 14:52:00

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